We investigated the association between inflammatory trachoma in children aged 1-5 and environmental and sociodemographic risk factors in a rural Nile Delta hamlet.
Inflammatory trachoma clustered in households, emphasising the child-to-child nature of transmission in the hamlet.
Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed three factors predicting inflammatory trachoma in children: the absence of a latrine in the household, school-age siblings with inflammatory trachoma, and additional same-age siblings (with or without disease) in the household.
In the Egyptian setting the presence of pit latrines in all houses, even when full and unscreened, might result in a reduction in trachoma prevalence in this population from the current 49% to 35%.
Mots-clés Pascal : Chlamydiose, Bactériose, Infection, Homme, Afrique, Trachome, Oeil pathologie, Inflammation, Enfant, Egypte, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Hygiène
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Chlamydiosis, Bacteriosis, Infection, Human, Africa, Trachoma, Eye disease, Inflammation, Child, Egypt, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Hygiene
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 91-0404355
Code Inist : 002B05B02A. Création : 199406.