The epidemiology and natural history of onchocerciasis and its ocular complications in rain forest areas are poorly understood.
The present study was conducted on a rubber plantation in a hyperendemic area in the rain forest of Liberia, West Africa, where 800 persons were examined.
The à prevalence of infection was 84% overall 29% had intraocular microfilariae, and 2-4% were blind in one or both eyes.
Onchocerciasis was the cause of all binocular blindness and one-third of all visual impairment.
Over half of the visual impairment caused by onchocerciasis was due to posterior segment diseases.
Mots-clés Pascal : Filariose, Nématodose, Helminthiase, Infection, Afrique, Onchocercose, Oeil pathologie, Homme, Epidémiologie, Libéria, Afrique Est
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Filariosis, Nematod disease, Helminthiasis, Infection, Africa, Onchocerciasis, Eye disease, Human, Epidemiology, Liberia, East Africa
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Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 91-0390731
Code Inist : 002B05E03B4C. Création : 199406.