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  1. The development of orthopedic certification in the United States.

    Article - En anglais

    The development of medical education standards and state licensure requirements occurred simultaneously in the 1900s.

    The result was that annual state licensure became the physician's certification.

    Certification has become progressively more important in relationship to individual patients, national societies, hospitals, and third-party carriers.

    Recertification is the recognition by a primary board of a diplomate's continuing qualifications.

    The majority of primary boards have plans to institute recertification in order to evaluate pertinent cognitive knowledge of a diplomate and to respond to inadequate ongoing peer review.

    The expansion of scientific and technical knowledge, which led to specialization in the 1930s, inevitably has led to subspecialization.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Qualification professionnelle, Orthopédie, Chirurgie orthopédique, Chirurgien, Enseignement universitaire, Etats Unis, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Homme, Spécialité médicale

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : North America, America, Professional qualification, Orthopedics, Orthopedic surgery, Surgeon, Higher education, United States, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Human, Medical speciality

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 91-0197776

    Code Inist : 002B30C. Création : 199406.