During the last two decades there has been increasing concern within the scientific community over the effects of indoor air quality on health.
Changes in building design devised to improve energy efficiency have meant that modern homes and offices are frequently more airtight than older structures.
Furthermore, advances in construction technology have caused a much greater use of synthetic building materials.
Whilst these improvements have led to more comfortable buildings with lower running costs, they also provide indoor environments in which contaminants are readily produced and may build up to much higher concentrations than are found outside.
This article reviews the current understanding of the relationship between indoor air pollution and health.
Indoor pollutants can emanate from a range of sources.
The health impacts from indoor exposure to combustion products from heating, cooking, and the smoking of tobacco are examined.
Also discussed are the symptoms associated with pollutants emitted from building materials.
Of particular importance might be substances known as volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which arise from sources including paints, varnishes, solvents, and preservatives.
Furthermore, if the structure of a building begins to deteriorate, exposure to asbestos may be an important risk factor for the chronic respiratory disease mesothelioma. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution intérieur, Qualité air, Analyse risque, Emission polluant, Composé organique volatil, Radon, Carbone monoxyde, Carbone dioxyde, Azote dioxyde, Soufre dioxyde, Ozone, Amiante, Microorganisme, Allergène, Pollen, Fungi, Thallophyta, Bactérie, Virus, Particule en suspension, Aérosol, Inventaire source pollution, Produit combustion, Tabagisme passif, Produit bâtiment, Pollution origine naturelle, Contamination biologique, Bâtiment malsain syndrome, Article synthèse
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Indoor pollution, Air quality, Risk analysis, Pollutant emission, Volatile organic compound, Radon, Carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide, Nitrogen dioxide, Sulfur dioxide, Ozone, Asbestos, Microorganism, Allergen, Pollen, Fungi, Thallophyta, Bacteria, Virus, Suspended particle, Aerosols, Pollution source inventory, Combustion product, Passive smoking, Building product, Natural origin pollution, Biological contamination, Sick building syndrome, Review
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0519959
Code Inist : 001D16C06. Création : 18/05/2000.