The use of acute and preventative medical services by a general population : relationship to alcohol consumption.
To investigate the hypothesis that increasing alcohol consumption is accompanied by increasing use of acute, but decreasing use of preventative, medical services among the general population.
Design and participants
Health and life-style survey of 41 000 randomly-sampled adults in SE England who self-completed a validated questionnaire covering socio-demographics, alcohol and tobacco usage and use of acute (A & E department and general practitioner) and preventative (dental, optician, mammography and cervical cytology) services : the response rate was 60%. Measurements.
Comparative use of acute and preventative health care services by patients with varying consumption of alcoholic beverages.
This was estimated by the odds ratio for service use, after correcting for the following confounding variables ; age, social class, ethnic group, employment status, whether lives with children or with other adults, whether is a carer, limiting long-term illness, depression status, smoking habit and use of private health insurance.
There was increased use of accident and emergency services by the harmful and intermediate drinking groups compared with the safe drinking group.
Male abstainers attended their A & E departments more frequently than'safe limit'drinkers.
With respect to preventative services, both male and female abstainers and harmful drinkers used dental services less than safe limit drinkers. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Utilisation, Service santé, Médecine préventive, Royaume Uni, Europe, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Use, Health service, Preventive medicine, United Kingdom, Europe, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0519807
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 18/05/2000.