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  1. The 12-month prevalence of substance use and ICD-10 substance use disorders in Australian adults : findings from the National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being.

    Article - En anglais

    Aims

    To present the prevalence of substance use and ICD-10 substance use disorders in the adult Australian population using data from the National Survey of Mental Health and Well-Being (NSMHWB).

    Design

    A cross-sectional survey assessing substance use and ICD substance use disorders (harmful use and dependence).

    Setting and participants

    A household survey of a nationally representative sample of 10 641 Australian adults (aged 18 years or older).

    Measurements

    Trained survey interviewers administered a structured interview based on the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI).

    Findings

    In the past 12 months 6.5% of the sample had an ICD-10 alcohol use disorder (95% CI : 6.2,6.9), and 2.2% had another drug use disorder (95% CI : 2.0,2.4).

    More males than females had substance use disorders : 9.5% of males (95% CI : 8.5,10.5) and 3. 6% of females (95% CI : 3.2,4. 0) met criteria for an alcohol use disorder, and 3.2% of males (95% CI : 2.8,3.6) and 1.3% of females (95% CI : 0.9,1.7) met criteria for another drug use disorder within the past 12 months.

    The prevalence of substance use disorders decreased with increasing age : 10.5% of respondents aged 18-34 years met criteria for an alcohol use disorder and 4. 8% met criteria for a drug use disorder.

    The rates of these disorders among those aged 55 years or older were 1.8% and 0.1%, respectively. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Prévalence, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Drogue illicite, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Australie, Océanie, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevalence, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Illicit drug, Epidemiology, Mental health, Australia, Oceania, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0519673

    Code Inist : 002B18C05D. Création : 18/05/2000.