Impact of improvement of water supply on reduction of diarrheal incidence in a squatter area of Manila.
To improve the quality of life in squatter settlements, the Zonal Improvement Program (ZIP), which aims to provide direct water connection and a private toilet to every housing unit, has been implemented in Metro Manila, Republic of the Philippines, since 1985.
To estimate the impact of the program, particularly the improvement of the water supply, on diarrheal incidence among under-five-year-old children, a comparative survey between a ZIP area and a non-ZIP area was conducted.
A significantly higher diarrheal incidence among under-five-year-old children was observed in the non-ZIP area.
This may be attributed to the increase in water consumption as a result of the improvement of the water supply in the ZIP area.
The Relative Risk (RR) of water consumption with diarrheal incidence was 2.67, indicating a positive association.
A water supply that provides for consumption of 60 (1pcd) could be a possible appropriate measure to reduce diarrheal cases.
Mots-clés Pascal : Diarrhée, Consommation, Eau alimentation, Approvisionnement eau, Programme sanitaire, Qualité vie, Squatter, Pauvreté, Incidence, Facteur risque, Evaluation, Homme, Prévention, Santé et environnement, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diarrhea, Consumption, Feed water, Water supply, Sanitary program, Quality of life, Squatter, Poverty, Incidence, Risk factor, Evaluation, Human, Prevention, Health and environment, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0517148
Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 18/05/2000.