The study examined the psychosocial determinants of coping ability in a cohort of 249 HIV positive and HIV negative female injection drug users (IDUs), using a cross-sectional retrospective design.
Information collected using a structured questionnaire included data on psychosocial risk and protective factors in the personality, family, and peer domains, HIV status, and coping ability.
Coping ability was associated with conventionality, greater control of emotions, less psychopathology, and family cohesion in both HIV positive and HIV negative subjects.
The psychosocial factors affected coping in HIV positive and HIV negative IDUs via two different mediational models.
The interactional findings supported the influence of risk/protective interactions in both groups.
The findings demonstrate the impact of the interplay between personality factors and external support on coping ability in female IDUs.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Toxicomanie, Séropositivité, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Coping, Aspect social, Support social, Evaluation, Etude comparative, Homme, Femelle, Etude cohorte, Relation familiale, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Drug addiction, Seropositivity, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirus, Retroviridae, Virus, Coping, Social aspect, Social support, Evaluation, Comparative study, Human, Female, Cohort study, Familial relation, United States, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0516282
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 18/05/2000.