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  1. An echovirus 30 outbreak with a high meningitis attack rate among children and household members at four day-care centers.

    Article - En anglais

    Echovirus 30 (E 30) outbreaks in defined cohorts have rarely been reported.

    In June 1996, an outbreak of E 30 occurred in four day-care centers (DCCs) in neighboring villages in Germany.

    A retrospective cohort study of DCC children, employees and household members was done to determine the extent of the outbreak and risk factors for illness.

    Forty-two percent (39/92) of DCC children, 13% (30/228) of their household members, 5% (1/19) of employees and 2% (1/49) of household members of employees were ill.

    Onsets occurred over 31 days.

    Thirteen percent (12/92) of DCC children had meningitis.

    In only one of 16 households with multiple family members ill, illness in a family member preceeded that of the DCC child.

    Household members of ill DCC children were 15 times more likely to report illness than those of non-ill DCC children.

    We conclude that this outbreak was associated with a very high incidence of meningitis, the outbreak began in the DCCs and then spread to household members, and that household members of ill children compared to those of non-ill children were much more likely to report illness.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Méningite, Echovirus, Enterovirus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Garderie enfant, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Facteur risque, Enfant, Homme, Milieu familial, Allemagne, Europe, Rétrospective, Etude cohorte, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Meningitis, Echovirus, Enterovirus, Picornaviridae, Virus, Day care center, Epidemiology, Incidence, Risk factor, Child, Human, Family environment, Germany, Europe, Retrospective, Cohort study, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0516273

    Code Inist : 002B05C02A. Création : 18/05/2000.