Owing to the national « One Child per Family » policy in China, almost all children are from one-child families.
Recent economic development has led to an increase in the number of children living in single parent families.
These children may suffer from more mental stress than those living in two parent families.
This study aims at clarifying psychobehavioral characteristics of boys and girls from mother-headed one-child families due to divorce.
Three questionnaire studies, i.e., Eysenck Personality Questionnaire for Children (EPQ), Mental Health Test (MHT), and Preliminary Problems Conduct Test (PPCT) were conducted on 465 children, aged 9 to 12 years, in three elementary schools of Chengdu, China.
Twenty-one boys and 26 girls from divorced families and 186 boys and 217 girls from non-divorced families were selected as study subjects.
The results of the multiple stepwise logistic regression analysis indicated that boys from divorced families suffered from neurosis, loneliness, impulsiveness, rebellious tendencies and untruthfulness, whereas girls from divorced families suffered from loneliness, horrible feelings and oppressed feelings.
It is suggested that the common psychobehavioral characteristic of both boys and girls from divorced families in China is loneliness ; the characteristic specific of boys is « antisocial'personality and that of girls is » anxious personality.
Mots-clés Pascal : Divorce, Famille monoparentale, Mère, Trouble comportement, Stress, Psychologie, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Enfant, Homme, Questionnaire, Psychométrie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Divorce, One parent family, Mother, Behavioral disorder, Stress, Psychology, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Child, Human, Questionnaire, Psychometrics
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0516005
Code Inist : 002B18D10. Création : 18/05/2000.