The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of a newly developed diabetes patient education program consisting of a three-day hospitalization and a six-month follow-up by telephone counseling for patients with mild type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) by a randomized controlled trial (RCT) method.
Fifty-two patients with mild type 2 diabetes or IGT (HbA1c<8) were randomly assigned to either an intervention group or a control group.
The current care was continued for the control group and the new education program was provided in addition to the current care for the intervention group.
Changes in weight, blood glucose in a 75g-oral glucose tolerance test (75g-OGTT), and HbAlc were measured in June 1997 as baseline data and again in Dec. 1997.
Scores for knowledge of diabetes, dietary habits, physical activity, health practice index, diabetes quality of life (DQOL), and self-efficacy were also obtained.
After six months, the intervention group showed a statistically significant weight loss and blood glucose reduction in the 75g-OGTT test, but the control group did not.
A significant improvement in lifestyle was observed in the intervention group, especially in terms of dietary habits and physical activity.
The knowledge test scores increased in both groups.
There were no significant differences in HbA1c, DQOL, or self-efficacy between the two groups. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Diabète, Education santé, Programme, Connaissance, Comportement, Evaluation, Homme, Japon, Asie, Endocrinopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diabetes mellitus, Health education, Program, Knowledge, Behavior, Evaluation, Human, Japan, Asia, Endocrinopathy
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0515979
Code Inist : 002B21E01C. Création : 18/05/2000.