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  1. Nasal and ocular symptoms, tear film stability and biomarkers in nasal lavage, in relation to building-dampness and building design in hospitals.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    To study the relationships between dampness in concrete floors and building design on the one hand, and symptoms and medical signs of the eyes and nose in hospital workers, on the other.

    Methods 

    Four hospitals for geriatrics were selected to represent buildings with different ages and design, irrespective of symptom prevalence.

    The first building was built in 1925.

    The second, built in 1985, was known to have dampness in the floor.

    Conventional building techniques were used in the third building, built in 1993, and the last building was built in 1994, and was specially designed to include high ceilings, and minimal use of fluorescent lighting and interior plastic materials.

    The interior surfaces were painted with water-based beeswax glazing.

    All staff (n=95) working day shifts were invited to take part in a medical examination of the eyes and nose including acoustic rhinometry and nasal lavage, and a medical questionnaire, and 93% participated.

    Measurements of temperature, relative air humidity, air flow, illumination, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), molds, and bacteria were carried out in all buildings, together with measurements of formaldehyde, respirable dust, carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone.

    Statistical analyses were performed by bivariate analysis, and linear, ordinal, and logistic multiple regressions, adjusting for age, gender, tobacco smoking, atopy, and the perceived psychosocial work environment. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Hôpital, Pollution intérieur, Personnel sanitaire, Homme, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Film lacrymal, Lavage, Nez, Marqueur biologique, Phtalique acide ester bis[2-éthylhexyle], Plancher, Construction béton, Humidité, Bâtiment malsain syndrome, Oeil pathologie, ORL pathologie, Hexan-1-ol(2-éthyl)

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hospital, Indoor pollution, Health staff, Human, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Tear film, Washing, Nose, Biological marker, Floor, Concrete construction, Humidity, Sick building syndrome, Eye disease, ENT disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0515670

    Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 18/05/2000.