Lower serum folate and higher serum homocysteine levels are known risk factors for various conditions.
Thus, epidemiologic correlates with these measurements were studied for 256 multivitamin users and 230 non-users who were middle-aged women.
Both serum folate and homocysteine levels increased with advancing age in both multivitamin users (P<0.01 and P<0.01) and non-users (P=0.08 and P<0.01).
Among non-users, higher intake of vegetables, fruits, cold cereals and total protein were associated positively with serum folate and inversely with homocysteine levels.
There were 25-74% increases in serum folate and 10-15% decreases in serum homocysteine between 1st and 4th quartiles of intake of these food/nutrients.
In addition, 26% lower serum folage and 18% higher serum homocysteine were observed for those smoking 20 or more cigarettes per day compared with non-smokers.
Among multivitamin users, body weight was correlated inversely with serum folate (P<0.01) and positively with serum homocysteine levels (P=0.04), while no correlates were found among lifestyle factors.
Regular use of multivitamins increased serum folate about fourfold and decreased homocysteine twofold.
These results suggest that multivitamin use can offset the effects of an unhealthy lifestyle on these serum markers, and that levels of serum folate and homocysteine can also be favorably influenced by healthier diet and abstinence from smoking.
Mots-clés Pascal : Vitamine, Régime alimentaire enrichi, Folate, Homocystéine, Plasma sanguin, Tabagisme, Poids corporel, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Alimentation, Acide folique, Homme, Age
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vitamin, Supplemented diet, Folate, Blood plasma, Tobacco smoking, Body weight, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Feeding, Folic acid, Human, Age
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0514992
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 18/05/2000.