A population-based study of school scoliosis screening.
Context Although school-based screening programs for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis are mandated in 26 states in the United States, few program outcomes data exist regarding the effectiveness of such programs.
Objective To determine the effectiveness of a community-based school scoliosis screening program.
Design, Setting, and Participants Retrospective cohort study of children who attended kindergarten or first grade at public or private schools in Rochester, Minn, during 1979-1982.
Children were followed up until age 19 years or until they left the school district.
Main Outcome Measures Number of children diagnosed and treated for scoliosis, based on results from scoliosis screenings performed annually in grades 5 through 9, linked to community medical records data ; performance characteristics of the screening program.
Results Of the 2242 children screened, 92 (4.1%) were referred for further evaluation.
Of these, 68 (74%) had documented medical or chiropractic evaluation of scoliosis.
School screening identified 5 of the 9 children treated for scoliosis but resulted in referrals for another 87 children who were not treated.
The cumulative incidence of diagnosed scoliosis in this population was 1.8% (95% confidence interval [Cl], 1.2% - 2.3%) for curves of more than 10°, 1.0% (95% Cl, 0.6% - 1.5%) for curves of at least 20°, and 0.4% (95% Cl, 0.1% - 0.6%) for curves of 40° or more ; 0.4% (0.5% of girls and 0.3% of boys) were treated for scoliosis. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Scoliose, Dépistage, Ecole, Adolescent, Homme, Programme sanitaire, Evaluation, Efficacité, Rachis, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rachis pathologie, Déformation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Scoliosis, Medical screening, School, Adolescent, Human, Sanitary program, Evaluation, Efficiency, Spine, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Spine disease, Deformation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0514682
Code Inist : 002B15F. Création : 18/05/2000.