Surveillance of suicidal behavior in Kitsap County, Washington : A retrospective study.
Suicide is a major source of preventable morbidity and mortality in Kitsap County, Washington State.
This article describes a study of suicidal behavior to identify risk groups in order to design intervention strategies.
A retrospective study was conducted by reviewing the charts of individuals exhibiting suicidal behavior who had presented to the county's only civilian hospital emergency department over a 7 month period.
Frequencies were calculated to identify at-risk populations and determine risk factors.
One hundred forty-five charts were reviewed.
Subjects were mostly female (69%), and ages ranged from 10 to 80 years with 73% between 15 and 44 years.
Two-thirds of the subjects were not working.
More than half had previously exhibited suicidal behavior and more than 75% had previous mental health encounter (s).
Most admissions (67.6%) occurred between 4 : 00 p.m. and 4 : 00 a.m. The core public health functions of assessment, policy development, and assurance provided the framework for this community to explore the finding that suicide was a major source of preventable morbidity and mortality.
Community-based intervention strategies have been developed in an effort to reach the Healthy People 2000 objective of reducing suicide deaths to no more than 10.5 per 100,000 residents.
Mots-clés Pascal : Suicide, Comportement, Surveillance sanitaire, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Washington, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Rétrospective, Prévention
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide, Behavior, Sanitary surveillance, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Washington, United States, North America, America, Retrospective, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0514249
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 18/05/2000.