In the past, the hazards facing child care workers have largely been ignored by health and safety professionals, due in part to a lack of awareness of hazards and inconsistencies in state health and safety requirements.
The aim of this paper is to provide a summary and critique of the literature on the topic of occupational health and safety concerns for child care workers.
Twenty-seven articles pertaining to child care workers, published between 1980 and 1998, were reviewed.
The job roles and tasks related to physical care, janitorial functions and participation in child recreation lead to risk of exposure to biological, physical and chemical hazards.
Psychological stressors were found to contribute to high levels of job dissatisfaction and turnover.
Infectious disease transmission was the major topic of focus in the literature, whereas US statistical data for illnesses and injuries for this classification of workers revealed injuries as the prominent health problem.
Directions for future research are described.
Mots-clés Pascal : Garde enfant, Garderie enfant, Crèche, Personnel, Travailleur, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Facteur risque, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Sécurité travail, Hygiène travail, Activité professionnelle
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Child custody, Day care center, Nursery, Personnel, Worker, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Risk factor, Human, United States, North America, America, Work safety, Occupational hygiene, Professional activity
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0514149
Code Inist : 002B30B04. Création : 18/05/2000.