National bias in citations in urology journals : parochialism or availability ?
Objective To determine any bias by authors of different nationalities in their citation rate of selected urological journals in papers published in the British Journal of Urology and the Journal of Urology, Methods Using a simple computer program and text files of accepted reports in the BJU, or those available on CD-ROM from J Urol, 212 recent papers in the BJU and 111 from J Urol were analysed to determine the number of citations to four major urological journals (BJU, J Urol.
Eur Urol and Urology).
The frequencies of citations to these journals were then compared with the national origin of the author (s), grouped as UK, Europe, North America and Other.
Results In both the BJU and J Urol the citation rates of the selected journals differed significantly among authors from different regions.
In BJU papers, the citation rate of the BJU was highest by UK authors and their citation rate of J Urol was amongst the lowest of the rates for J Urol.
The highest citation rate for J Urol was that by European authors.
American authors cited the BJU least, citing the J Urol about five times more often than they cited the BJU.
Of the papers in the J Urol sample, over 60% were from American authors, with only four from UK authors ; thus the UK group was not analysed separately but included in the European group.
The mean citation rate of I Urol was highest in papers by American authors, at about 14 times that for citations to the BJU. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Urologie, Article, Revue bibliographique, Citation, Nationalité, Documentation, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Urology, Article, Bibliographic review, Citation, Nationality, Documentation, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0510041
Code Inist : 002B28G. Création : 22/03/2000.