Effects of a traditional lifestyle on the cardiovascular risk profile : The Amondava population of the Brazilian Amazon. Comparison with matched African, Italian and Polish populations.
Objective To determine the relationships between lifestyle and cardiovascular risk factors among the Brazilian Amondava, one of the world's most isolated populations.
Design Cross-sectional, population-based study.
Four age-and sex-matched samples from Brazil Africa, Italy and Poland, representing different levels of modernization, were compared.
Body weight, height, blood pressure, serum cholesterol and glycaemia were measured, and a standard questionnaire administered.
Data concerning dietary habits and physical activity were collected.
A personal socio-economic score was calculated, on the basis of type of economy, level of formal education, type of occupation, type of habitat, availability of piped water and electricity, main source of income, housing conditions, availability of radio, television or personal computer, knowledge of a second language, and organized health facilities.
Setting Primary epidemiological screening, at an institution.
Results Among the Amondava blood pressure was always<140/90 mmHg, it did not increase with age and was not correlated with any other variable ; 46.6% of subjects had systolic blood pressure<100 mmHg.
Blood pressure among the Amondava (109.6 ± 11.1/69.5 ± 6.4 mmHg) was on average lower (P<0.0001) than in all other samples.
Among the Amondava, the concentration of total cholesterol was always<200 mg/dl, i.e. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Cholestérol, Pression sanguine, Glycémie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Facteur risque, Mode de vie, Exploration, Epidémiologie, Brésil, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Etude comparative, Modernisation, Homme, Lipide
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cholesterol, Blood pressure, Glycemia, Cardiovascular disease, Risk factor, Life style, Exploration, Epidemiology, Brazil, South America, America, Comparative study, Modernization, Human, Lipids
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0509220
Code Inist : 002B12B01. Création : 22/03/2000.