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  1. Fulltext. Coverage of beverage alcohol issues in the print media in the United States, 1985-1991.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This study assessed the portrayal of alcohol-related issues in the print media in the United States during the 7-year period bracketing implementation of the US alcohol warning label act in November 1988.

    Methods

    All articles that appeared from 1985 to 1991 in 5 national newspapers and that were indexed as dealing with beverage alcohol were identified.

    Content analysis of a 15% sample of these articles allowed an in-depth assessment of the conceptualization of alcohol in the US print media.

    Results

    A slight decrease in articles related to alcoholism was offset by an increase in articles about the more general health-related effects of alcohol.

    The warning label act received little attention.

    Most articles portrayed alcohol neutrally of negatively, using information from goverment sources.

    Conclusions

    Portrayal of alcohol in the US print media has changed in recent decades.

    A general shift noted as early as the 1960s has increasingly emphasized public health issues and deemphasized clinical aspects of alcoholism.

    This has been accompanied by a continuing shift away from a biopsychological defintion of alcohol-related behavior to a definition stressing external environmental factors.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée, Média, Source information, Attitude, Comportement, Evaluation, Evolution, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Alcoholic beverage, Media, Information source, Attitude, Behavior, Evaluation, Evolution, Human, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0505658

    Code Inist : 002B30A02A. Création : 22/03/2000.