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  1. Fulltext. The impact of economic sanctions on health and human rights in Haiti, 1991-1994.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This report examines the impact of an economic embargo from 1991 to 1994 on health, well-being, and human rights in Haiti.

    Methods

    Data from surveillance systems for nutrition, reportable diseases, and hospital diagnoses were combined with survey data and interview with affected women, governmental representatives, diplomats, and staff of nongovernmental organizations.

    Results

    Changes included declining income, rising unemployment, poorer nutrition, declining infant mortality, rising mortality among 1-to 4-year-olds, decreased attention to children's well-being and education, and family breakdown.

    Survival strategies among poor Haitians included changed dietary habits, informal-sector economic activity, moving in with relatives, selling domestic goods, increased informal unions among couples, decreased school attendance, and indentered servitude among children.

    Conclusions

    The implementation of economic sanctions in Haiti resulted in extensive violations of rights ; the impact was greatest on the most disadvantaged Haitians.

    Many Haitias and international supporters of democracy were unaware of the extensive negative impact that sanctions could have.

    The impact continues now, 5 years after sanctions ended.

    Modified policies reduced some of the burden of sanctions, and international assistance prevented what otherwise might have become a humanitarian disaster during sanctions.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Droit, Homme, Santé, Politique sanitaire, Accessibilité, Soin, Aspect économique, Embargo, Ethique, Evaluation, Haiti, Antilles, Amérique Centrale, Amérique, Système santé, Droits fondamentaux

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Right, Human, Health, Health policy, Accessibility, Care, Economic aspect, Embargo, Ethics, Evaluation, Haiti, West Indies, Central America, America, Health system

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0505461

    Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 22/03/2000.