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  1. The impact of a needle exchange's closure.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    The Windham, Connecticut, needle exchange closed in May 1997 after becoming embroiled in a public controversy in which it was blamed for the city's drug problem, discarded syringes, and even the economic decline of the city itself.

    The authors interviewed injection drug users and conducted a community survey of discarded drug paraphernalia to explore the effects of the needle exchange's closure.

    Methods

    After the needle exchange was closed in March 1997, the authors re-recruited former participants in an AIDS prevention research project, the majority of whom were clients of the needle exchange.

    The authors analyzed responses from these respondents'pre-closure interviews and from 111 post-closure initial interviews and 78 post-closure follow-up interviews as well as data on discarded syringes and « dqpe bags. » Results.

    Following the closure of the needle exchange, significant increases were found in the percentage of respondents who reported an unreliable source as their primary source of syringes, in respondents'reports of the frequency of reusing syringes, and in the percentage of respondents who reported sharing of syringes.

    Surveys of outdoor drug-use areas found that the closure of the needle exchange did not reduce the volume of discarded syringes and other drug-injection debris.

    Conclusions

    The problems in Windham that led to the closure of the exchange still remain, and the city's drug injectors are engaging in higher levels of HIV risk behavior.

    Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Prévention, Transmission, Echange, Seringue, Toxicomanie, Programme sanitaire, Epidémiologie, Arrêt, Evaluation, Homme, Connecticut, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Politique sanitaire, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Prevention, Transmission, Exchange, Syringe, Drug addiction, Sanitary program, Epidemiology, Shutdown, Evaluation, Human, Connecticut, United States, North America, America, Health policy, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0505447

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 22/03/2000.