Background The 20th century has seen the globalisation and homogenisation ofsubstance misuse problems, blurring traditional boundaries between producer and consumer countries and forcing the international community to consider new responses to substance misuse.
Aims To highlight the importance ofthe principles of illicit drug demand reduction and related activities in tackling global drug problems and to discuss the commitment made by United Nations (UN) Member States at the highest political level towards meeting the objectives set in their Declaration on the Guiding Principles.
Method A review of international responses to substance misuse.
Results Traditionally, the focus has been on reducing the supply of controlled drugs, while maintaining adequate supplies of narcotic and psychotropic drugs for clinical and scientific purposes.
However, it has become apparent that supply reduction in isolation is insufficient and demand reduction is now receiving greater emphasis - culminating in the UN General Assembly adopting the Declaration on the Guiding Principles of Demand Reduction in 1998.
Conclusions This declaration offers a genuinely holistic approach to the complexities ofsubstance misuse.
To be successful, it requires the commitment of governments at the highest level and the willing participation of small communities.
Declaration of interest None.
Mots-clés Pascal : Drogue illicite, Abus, Toxicomanie, Politique sanitaire, Santé mentale, Environnement social, International, ONU, Article synthèse, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Illicit drug, Abuse, Drug addiction, Health policy, Mental health, Social environment, International, UNO, Review, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0504869
Code Inist : 002B18H05A. Création : 22/03/2000.