This article highlights the mental health consequences of a domestic terrorist incident involving chemical or biological weapons.
The author reviews the literature on the neuropsychiatric effects of selected chemical and biological weapon agents, on the psychological sequelae of mass disasters, and on approaches to crisis intervention.
Disturbances of behavior, affect, and cognition can result directly from the pharmacological actions of some chemical and biological weapon agents.
In addition, an incident involving these agents can have considerable psychological effects on individuals and the community.
In either case, some disorders are acute and others are prolonged or delayed in onset.
Effective therapeutic intervention involves a broad range of clinical, social, and administrative actions.
Psychiatrists have an important role in the management of a chemical or biological terrorist incident and, along with their other medical colleagues, should train and prepare for it.
Mots-clés Pascal : Arme chimique, Agent biologique, Terrorisme, Toxicité, Effet psychologique, Victimologie, Séquelle, Encéphale, Système nerveux central, Posttraumatisme syndrome, Stress, Trouble comportement, Somatisation, Trouble cognition, Crise, Traitement, Article synthèse, Homme, Santé mentale, Environnement social, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Trouble anxieux, Trouble somatoforme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Chemical warfare agent, Biological agent, Terrorism, Toxicity, Psychological effect, Victimology, Sequela, Brain (vertebrata), Central nervous system, Posttraumatic syndrome, Stress, Behavioral disorder, Somatization, Cognitive disorder, Crisis, Treatment, Review, Human, Mental health, Social environment, United States, North America, America, Anxiety disorder, Somatoform disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0504569
Code Inist : 002B18F01. Création : 22/03/2000.