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  1. Fulltext. A public health vs a risk-based intervention to improve cardiovascular health in elementary school children : The cardiovascular health in children study.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This study sought to determine the population effects of both classroom-based and risk-based interventions designed to reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors in children.

    Methods

    Elemenary school children (n=2109 ; age range 7-12 years) were randomized by school to a classroom-based intervention for all third and fourth graders, a risk-based intervention only for those with 1 or more cardiovascular disease risk factors, or a control group.

    The 8-week interventions involved both knowledge-attitude and physical activity components.

    Results

    School-level analyses showed that physical activity in the risk-based group and posttest knowledge in the classroom-based groups were significantly higher than in the control group.

    With regard to trends shown by individual-level analyses, cholesterol dropped more in the classroom-based than in the control group, and skinfold thickness decreased 2,9% in the classroom-based group and 3.2% in the risk-based group (as compared with a 1.1% increase in the control group).

    Conclusions

    Both classroom-based and risk-based interventions had positive effects on physical activity and knowledge, with trends toward reduced body fat and cholesterol.

    However, the classroom-based approach was easier to implement and evidenced stronger results than the risk-based intervention.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Facteur risque, Education santé, Prévention, Evaluation, Enfant, Homme, Milieu scolaire, Age scolaire, Caroline du Nord, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Etude comparative

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cardiovascular disease, Risk factor, Health education, Prevention, Evaluation, Child, Human, School environment, School age, North Carolina, United States, North America, America, Comparative study

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0503888

    Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 22/03/2000.