The impact of economic sanctions on civilians has frequently been studied by public health specialists and specialized agencies of the United Nations (UN).
This commentary explores some of the difficulties of the claim that sanctions constitute violations of human rights.
The deprivation suffered by civilian populations under sanctions regimes often are violations of economic, social, and cultural human rights ; however, the attribution of responsability for those violations to the « senders » of sanctions (the UN Security Council or the US government, for example) is difficult to sustain, particularly in light of the efforts made by these entities to provide for humanitarian exemptions and humanitarians aid.
A more productive approach to avoiding civilian harm is to prefer, as a matter of policy, arms embargoes, severing of communications, and international criminal prosecutions over trade embargoes.
Promising recommendations have been formulated regarding « smart sanctions », which target regimes rather than people, and « positive sanctions » in the form of incentives.
Health and human rights professionals have specific and important tasks in implementing such a restructured approach to sanctions.
Mots-clés Pascal : Droit, Homme, Embargo, Aspect économique, Aspect politique, Ethique, Législation, Evaluation, Article synthèse, Droits fondamentaux, Violation droits
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Right, Human, Embargo, Economic aspect, Political aspect, Ethics, Legislation, Evaluation, Review
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0503887
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 22/03/2000.