This commentary describes the role of a major antiapartheid health organization, the National Medical and Dental Association (NAMDA), in reinforcing and maintaining international pressure on the racist South African goverment.
NAMDA was a constitued of the Mass Democratic Movement (MDM), which was at the forefront in the struggle for freedom in South Africa.
NAMDA endorsed the programs of the banned African National Congress (ANC), which included a range of sanctions.
Debates within NAMDA on enlarging sanctions into an academic boycott are summarized.
The development of a policy of selective academic support, which approved academic exchanges in accord with the aims of the MDM, is explained.
Indirect evidence shows that international pressures created by specific types of economic sanctions and the forms of academic boycott decided on by NAMDA achieved their objectives.
I have highlighted the tension between these strategies, which resulted in the isolation of the apartheid regime, as well as the responsability to protect the most vulnerable from the burdens that resulted from these policies.
Mots-clés Pascal : Santé, Politique sanitaire, Racisme, Droit, Homme, Ethique, Embargo, Aspect économique, Histoire, Evaluation, République Sud Africaine, Afrique, Aspect politique, Aspect social, Droits fondamentaux
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Health, Health policy, Racism, Right, Human, Ethics, Embargo, Economic aspect, History, Evaluation, South Africa(Republic), Africa, Political aspect, Social aspect
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0503882
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 22/03/2000.