Racial discrimination and alcohol-related behavior in urban transit operators : Findings from the San Francisco muni health and safety study.
A growing body of literature is documenting the health effects of racial discrimination.
The authors investigated the association between racial discrimination and alcohol-related behavior in a sample of urban transit operators Methods.
Using data from a 1993-1995 cross-sectional study of transit operators in San Francisco, California, the authors analyzed responses to two sets of questions about racial discrimination ; the first set focused on reaction to unfair treatment and the second on arenas, or domains, of ciscrimination.
Alcohol-related variables were : number of drinks per month, heavy drinking. alcohol dependence and negative consequences of alcohol consumption.
Operators who reported five or more doma. ns of discrimination drank an average of 13.4 more drinks per month than those who reported no domains of discrimination (P=0.01).
Similarly, they were more likely to be heavy drinkers (adjusted odds ratio [OR]=2.16 ; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.14,4.09) and dependent on alcohol (adjusted OR=2.02 ; 95% CI 1.08,3.79) than operators who reported no domains of discrim nation The number of domains in which operators reported naving experienced discrimination was not related to sex, age, househo ncome, job seniority or marital status, but varied significantly by educational level and race/etnnicity. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Consommation, Ethanol, Boisson alcoolisée, Comportement, Discrimination, Racisme, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Ethnie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Consumption, Ethanol, Alcoholic beverage, Behavior, Discrimination, Racism, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, California, United States, North America, America, Ethnic group
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0503622
Code Inist : 002B18C05B. Création : 22/03/2000.