To investigate whether either the condition of being unemployed, or changes in unemployment rates are associated with suicide risk.
Design-Administrative data for suicide according to occupational status have been analysed considering three employment categories : employed, seeking new job (unemployed), seeking first job (never employed).
Comparison of suicide rates by economic position and correlation between suicide and unemployment rates have been made.
Subjects and settings-20 457 deaths by suicide registered in Italy among economically active people from 1982 to 1994.
Main outcome measures-Change over time in suicide rates by economic position ; coefficient of aggravation according to occupational status.
Suicide rates among the unemployed are clearly and constantly higher than those among the employed : up to three times higher among men, and twice as high among women.
Among the unemployed a clear and significant rise in suicide rates in both sexes took place over the study period ; suicide rates among the employed showed a less marked increase.
The rise in suicide rates was accompanied by a concurrent rise in unemployment rate percentage.
Men seem to be affected most by this change in unemployment rate percentage ; women are subject to less evident influences and variations. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Suicide, Evolution, Incidence, Chomage, Activité professionnelle, Statut socioéconomique, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Italie, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide, Evolution, Incidence, Unemployment, Professional activity, Socioeconomic status, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Italy, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0503453
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 22/03/2000.