To estimate the economic impact of screening for and treatment of bacterial vaginosis during early pregnancy.
Data from a clinical study that aligned two screening and treatment strategies and a no-screening or treatment strategy with three gynecologic practices in Berlin were used in decision tree analysis.
Costs applied to the clinical outcomes were determined from standard German references and the charges from university clinics.
Practices A and B screened all 600 patients in the early second trimester and treated the positive cases with clindamycin 2% vaginal cream (A) or a Lactobacillus preparation (B), which incurred lower total costs, $493,159 and $497,619, as compared to practice C (total costs, $534,926), which did not screen or treat for bacterial vaginosis.
Including costs of screening and treatment, the net savings of practice A as compared to practice C was estimated to be $47,316.
The presence of more preterm, premature and low-birth-weight infants added costs for practice C. The estimated cost savings lend support to the value of screening and treatment for bacterial vaginosis in early pregnancy.
Mots-clés Pascal : Bactériose, Infection, Vagin, Gestation, Dépistage, Traitement, Analyse coût, Analyse décision, Economie santé, Bactérie, Homme, Femelle, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Vagin pathologie, Gestation pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Bacteriosis, Infection, Vagina, Pregnancy, Medical screening, Treatment, Cost analysis, Decision analysis, Health economy, Bacteria, Human, Female, Female genital diseases, Vaginal diseases, Pregnancy disorders
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0503046
Code Inist : 002B20F02. Création : 22/03/2000.