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  1. Problem-based learning in ophthalmology : A pilot program for curricular renewal.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    To gain experience with problem-based learning as a demonstration project in a medical school's curriculum renewal effort and determine if using a single facilitator to circulate among the small groups would yield positive results.

    Design 

    We developed 16 cases around 4 ophthalmic problems that were used in 3-hour small-group sessions during the Introduction to Clinical Medicine semester of the second-year curriculum.

    A single faculty member facilitated the small groups of 4 students each that were created by self-division at each of 5 sessions.

    Setting 

    A state-supported large Midwestern medical school.

    Participants 

    All students (N=75) enrolled in the Introduction to Clinical Medicine course prior to their standard introductory ophthalmology lectures.

    Main Outcome Measures 

    A 5-item pretest, related to each of that day's clinical problems, was administered at the beginning and again at the end of the session as a posttest.

    A satisfaction questionnaire with Likert-type questions was also completed by the students at the close of the session.

    Results 

    Knowledge scores showed statistically significant gains with a mean of 1.7 points.

    Student satisfaction was very positive-85% stated that they learned more than they would have in the traditional format and 93% agreed that they enjoyed the problem-based learning format. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Apprentissage, Spécialité médicale, Ophtalmologie, Essai pilote, Etudiant, Programme enseignement, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Learning, Medical specialty, Ophthalmology, Pilot test, Student, Educational program, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0501741

    Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 22/03/2000.