Aim-To identify permanent sequelae after sports injuries in children and adolescents.
Methods-In 1985, a prospective register was drawn up of all sports related injuries reported that year by the residents of Trieste, Italy aged 6-15 years.
Moderate to severe injuries (scoring >= 2 on the abbreviated injury scale (AIS)) were the object of a longitudinal clinical study.
In 1988,30.9% of the 220 subjects enrolled had sequelae.
A further follow up was undertaken in 1997.
The follow up in 1997 involved 54 subjects (26 girls ; average age 24.5 years).
Subjective and objective sequelae, by now considered to be permanent, were found in 61.1%, corresponding to 15% of the AIS >= 2 injuries recorded in 1985.
The prevalence of sequelae was similar in the two sexes, in relation to the child's age at time of injury, and in the different sports practised.
It was higher in relation to the severity of the lesion (89% of AIS 3 injuries examined, 56% of AIS 2 injuries) and to the type of lesion and its location.
With regard to AIS >= 2 injuries, permanent sequelae were found in 50% of ankle fractures, 43% of elbow fractures, 33% of leg/foot fractures, 25% of knee sprains, and 23% of ankle sprains.
Conclusions-The frequency of sequelae in sports injuries in children and adolescents is high.
The risk appears to be connected to certain anatomical and functional age characteristics. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Sport, Enfant, Homme, Adolescent, Sexe, Classification, Etude longitudinale, Complication, Séquelle, Permanente, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Italie, Europe, Evaluation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Sport, Child, Human, Adolescent, Sex, Classification, Follow up study, Complication, Sequela, Permanent waving, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Italy, Europe, Evaluation
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0491922
Code Inist : 002B16N. Création : 22/03/2000.