Allergy prevalence and causal factors in the domestic environment : results of a random population survey in the United Kingdom.
Surveys of the prevalence of allergic diseases associated with domestic allergens (eg, asthma, rhinitis, hay fever, eczema, and dermatitis) are usually undertaken in restricted geographic areas.
They are often based on specific demographic subgroups (eg, children) or are derived from treatment data (eg, GP consultations).
Causal factors are seldom quantified in these reports.
This study was designed to quantify the prevalence of allergic disease among a representative cross-section of population in the United Kingdom.
It was also designed to quantify the reported causal factors in terms of domestic allergen and irritant sources and activities leading to exposure.
Two thousand respondents were selected from across the UK.
These respondents were interviewed using a short series of questions that formed part of a larger, more general omnibus questionnaire.
The questions required respondents to report on diagnosed allergic disease and causal factors within their household, giving a total sample base of 5,609 people.
Asthma and hay fever account for the majority of reported cases of allergic disease in the UK (12% and 10% of total household, respectively).
Pollen, house dust mite excreta (HDM allergen), and pet dander are the three most common allergic triggers (42%, 27%, and 17% respectively).
Dusting and being near pets each account for about 20% of the reported domestic activities triggering an allergic response. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Allergie, Prévalence, Royaume Uni, Europe, Facteur risque, Effet environnement, Etiologie, Epidémiologie, Homme, Immunopathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Allergy, Prevalence, United Kingdom, Europe, Risk factor, Environmental effect, Etiology, Epidemiology, Human, Immunopathology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0490982
Code Inist : 002B06C01. Création : 22/03/2000.