To test the self-determination model of health-related behavior by examining whether the degree to which adolescents experience an appeal to not smoke as autonomy supportive would affect their autonomous motivation for not smoking and, in turn, their behavior of either refraining from smoking or smoking less, and to validate the measures of perceived autonomy support and autonomous motivation for not smoking.
Two studies of physicians presenting information about not smoking using 2 message styles, 1 of which was designed to be more autonomy supportive.
The preliminary study involved nonrandomized assignment to message style and only immediate assessment of perceptions, motivation, and behavior, while the primary study involved randomized assignment and 4-month longitudinal assessments.
Nearly 400 ninth-through 12th-grade students at 2 suburban high schools in upstate New York.
Adolescents'perceptions of the presentations'autonomy supportiveness of the presenters, as well as adolescents'autonomous motivation for not smoking and their self-reports of smoking.
The primary study also assessed change in students'autonomous motivation and change in their self-reported smoking during 4 months.
In both studies, the measures were reliable and valid.
Students perceived significantly (P=04 and P<. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Prévention, Adolescent, Homme, Education santé, Modèle, Motivation, Prise risque, Etude multicentrique, Autoperception, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Intervention, Promotion santé, Autodétermination
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Prevention, Adolescent, Human, Health education, Models, Motivation, Risk taking, Multicenter study, Self perception, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Operation, Health promotion
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0490376
Code Inist : 002B03E. Création : 22/03/2000.