The aim of this report is to present results on the factors associated with psychological distress in 724 Italian and 629 French women 12 months after birth.
The prevalence of distress was ascertained by the 12-item Goldberg Health Questionnaire (GHQ), using a cut-off score of>5. Results show that, in both countries, after controlling for previous psychological health, the variables significantly associated with mothers'distress were :
an unsatisfactory couple relationship ;
lack of confidante ;
a baby with serious health problems, financial worries.
In Italy, also being an older mother and a discrepancy between actual and desired employment status were associated with a high GHQ score.
These results point out to the high prevalence of mothers'psychological distress in Latin countries too, and stress the role played by family and social factors.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Homme, Femelle, Postpartum, Questionnaire, Echelle mesure, Facteur risque, France, Europe, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Human, Female, Puerperium, Questionnaire, Measurement scale, Risk factor, France, Europe, Epidemiology, Mental health
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0490304
Code Inist : 002B18C07A. Création : 22/03/2000.