International Congress on Vegetarian Nutrition. Loma Linda, CA, USA, 1997/03/24.
Perhaps one of the most unexpected and novel findings in nutritional epidemiology in the past 5 y has been that nut consumption seems to protect against ischemic heart disease (IHD).
Frequency and quantity of nut consumption have been documented to be higher in vegetarian than in nonvegetarian populations.
Nuts also constitute an important part of other plant-based diets, such as Mediterranean and Asian diets.
In a large, prospective epidemiologic study of Seventh-day Adventists in California, we found that frequency of nut consumption had a substantial and highly significant inverse association with risk of myocardial infarction and death from IHD.
The Iowa Women's Health Study also documented an association between nut consumption and decreased risk of IHD.
The protective effect of nuts on IHD has been found in men and women and in the elderly.
Importantly, nuts have similar associations in both vegetarians and nonvegetarians.
The protective effect of nut consumption on IHD is not offset by increased mortality from other causes.
Moreover, frequency of nut consumption has been found to be inversely related to all-cause mortality in several population groups such as whites, blacks, and the elderly.
Thus, nut consumption may not only offer protection against IHD, but also increase longevity.
Mots-clés Pascal : Fruit sec, Régime alimentaire végétarien, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Lipémie, Ischémie, Myocarde, Facteur risque, Origine végétale, Alimentation, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Cardiopathie coronaire, Myocarde pathologie, Article synthèse, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nuts, Vegetarian diet, Epidemiology, Mortality, Lipemia, Ischemia, Myocardium, Risk factor, Plant origin, Feeding, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Coronary heart disease, Myocardial disease, Review, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0489495
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 22/03/2000.