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  1. Age at smoking onset and its effect on smoking cessation.

    Article - En anglais

    The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between cessation and age at which person starts smoking.

    Duta from a survey of nine neighborhoods in Philadelphia (1985-1987) were analyzed.

    Interviews were conducted in the home using a structured ques tionnaire.

    Participants were from a probability sample (n=1700) of males aged 35 years or older.

    Sixty-six percent of the smokers in this scries started smoking before 18 years of age.

    Smoking cessation rate was 58.1% in Whites and 38.8% in Blacks.

    Age, race, marital status education, health condition, amount smoked, and doration of smoking were significant predictors of smoking cessation.

    Age al initiation of smoking was a significant factor for continuation of smoking.

    Men who started smoking before 16 years of age had an odds ratio of 2.1 (95% confidence interval : 1.4-3.0) for not quitting smoking compared to those who started at a later age.

    These findings emphasize the need for prevention program targeted to children below 16 years of age.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Prédiction, Abstinence, Age apparition, Initiation, Facteur sociodémographique, Facteur risque, Epidémiologie, Pennsylvanie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Prediction, Abstinence, Age of onset, Initiation, Sociodemographic factor, Risk factor, Epidemiology, Pennsylvania, United States, North America, America, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0489382

    Code Inist : 002B18I15. Création : 22/03/2000.