International Congress on Vegetarian Nutrition. Loma Linda, CA, USA, 1997/03/24.
The Oxford Vegetarian Study is a prospective study of 6000 vegetarians and 5000 nonvegetarian control subjects recruited in the United Kingdom between 1980 and 1984.
Cross-sectional analyses of study data showed that vegans had lower total-and LDL-cholesterol concentrations than did meat eaters ; vegetarians and fish eaters had intermediate and similar values.
Meat and cheese consumption were positively associated, and dietary fiber intake was inversely associated, with total-cholesterol concentration in both men and women.
After 12 y of follow-up, all-cause mortality in the whole cohort was roughly half that in the population of England and Wales (standardized mortality ratio, 0.46 ; 95% CI, 0.42,0.51).
After adjusting for smoking, body mass index, and social class, death rates were lower in non-meat-eaters than in meat eaters for each of the mortality endpoints studied [relative risks and 95% CIs : 0.80 (0.65,0.99) for all causes of death, 0.72 (0.47,1.10) for ischemic heart disease, and 0.61 (0.44,0.84) for all malignant neoplasms]. Mortality from ischemic heart disease was also positively associated with estimated intakes of total animal fat, saturated animal fat, and dietary cholesterol.
Other analyses showed that non-meat-eaters had only half the risk of meat eaters of requiring an emergency appendectomy, and that vegans in Britain may be at risk for iodine deficiency. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Régime alimentaire végétarien, Mortalité, Lipémie, Epidémiologie, Royaume Uni, Europe, Ischémie, Myocarde, Tumeur maligne, Alimentation, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Cardiopathie coronaire, Myocarde pathologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vegetarian diet, Mortality, Lipemia, Epidemiology, United Kingdom, Europe, Ischemia, Myocardium, Malignant tumor, Feeding, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Coronary heart disease, Myocardial disease, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0489182
Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 22/03/2000.