International Congress on Vegetarian Nutrition. Loma Linda, CA, USA, 1997/03/24.
We combined data from 5 prospective studies to compare the death rates from common diseases of vegetarians with those of nonvegetarians with similar lifestyles.
A summary of these results was reported previously ; we report here more details of the findings.
Data for 76172 men and women were available.
Vegetarians were those who did not eat any meat or fish (n=27808).
Death rate ratios at ages 16-89 y were calculated by Poisson regression and all results were adjusted for age, sex, and smoking status.
A random-effects model was used to calculate pooled estimates of effect for all studies combined.
There were 8330 deaths after a mean of 10.6 y of follow-up.
Mortality from ischemic heart disease was 24% lower in vegetarians than in nonvegetarians (death rate ratio : 0.76 ; 95% CI : 0.62,0.94 ; P<0.01).
The lower mortality from ischemic heart disease among vegetarians was greater at younger ages and was restricted to those who had followed their current diet for>5 y. Further categorization of diets showed that, in comparison with regular meat eaters, mortality from ischemic heart disease was 20% lower in occasional meat eaters, 34% lower in people who ate fish but not meat, 34% lower in lactoovovegetarians, and 26% lower in vegans.
There were no significant differences between vegetarians and nonvegetarians in mortality from cerebrovascular disease, stomach cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, or all other causes combined.
Mots-clés Pascal : Régime alimentaire végétarien, Mortalité, Epidémiologie, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Royaume Uni, Europe, Allemagne, Tumeur maligne, Côlon, Rectum, Ischémie, Myocarde, Prévention, Prostate, Glande mammaire, Alimentation, Appareil digestif pathologie, Intestin pathologie, Côlon pathologie, Rectum pathologie, Appareil génital mâle pathologie, Prostate pathologie, Glande mammaire pathologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Cardiopathie coronaire, Myocarde pathologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vegetarian diet, Mortality, Epidemiology, California, United States, North America, America, United Kingdom, Europe, Germany, Malignant tumor, Colon, Rectum, Ischemia, Myocardium, Prevention, Prostate, Mammary gland, Feeding, Digestive diseases, Intestinal disease, Colonic disease, Rectal disease, Male genital diseases, Prostate disease, Mammary gland diseases, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Coronary heart disease, Myocardial disease, Human
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Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 22/03/2000.