International Congress on Vegetarian Nutrition. Loma Linda, CA, USA, 1997/03/24.
Results associating diet with chronic disease in a cohort of 34192 California Seventh-day Adventists are summarized.
Most Seventh-day Adventists do not smoke cigarettes or drink alcohol, and there is a wide range of dietary exposures within the population.
About 50% of those studied ate meat products<1 time/wk or not at all, and vegetarians consumed more tomatoes, legumes, nuts, and fruit, but less coffee, doughnuts, and eggs than did nonvegetarians.
Multivariate analyses showed significant associations between beef consumption and fatal ischemic heart disease (IHD) in men [relative risk (RR)=2.31 for subjects who ate beef >=3 times/wk compared with vegetarians], significant protective associations between nut consumption and fatal and nonfatal IHD in both sexes (RR 0.5 for subjects who ate nuts >=5 times/wk compared with those who ate nuts<1 time/wk), and reduced risk of IHD in subjects preferring whole-grain to white bread.
The lifetime risk of IHD was reduced by 31% in those who consumed nuts frequently and by 37% in male vegetarians compared with nonvegetarians.
Cancers of the colon and prostate were significantly more likely in nonvegetarians (RR of 1.88 and 1.54, respectively), and frequent beef consumers also had higher risk of bladder cancer.
Intake of legumes was negatively associated with risk of colon cancer in nonvegetarians and risk of pancreatic cancer. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Régime alimentaire végétarien, Epidémiologie, Origine ethnique, Caucasoïde, Mortalité, Facteur risque, Ischémie, Myocarde, Polyarthrite rhumatoïde, Diabète, Tumeur maligne, Chronique, Alimentation, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Cardiopathie coronaire, Myocarde pathologie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Rhumatisme inflammatoire, Immunopathologie, Maladie autoimmune, Endocrinopathie, Homme, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Hispano-américain
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Vegetarian diet, Epidemiology, Ethnic origin, Caucasoid, Mortality, Risk factor, Ischemia, Myocardium, Rheumatoid arthritis, Diabetes mellitus, Malignant tumor, Chronic, Feeding, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Coronary heart disease, Myocardial disease, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Inflammatory joint disease, Immunopathology, Autoimmune disease, Endocrinopathy, Human, California, United States, North America, America
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Cote : 99-0488979
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 22/03/2000.