Financial justification for routine ultrasound screening of the neonatal hip.
We have analysed the patterns of management of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in Coventry over a period of 20 years during which three different screening policies were used.
From 1976 to the end of 1985 we relied on clinical examination alone.
The mean surgical cost for the treatment of DDH during this period was £5110 per 1000 live births.
This was reduced to £3811 after the introduction of ultrasound for infants with known risk factors.
Since June 1989 we have routinely scanned all infants at birth with a mean surgical cost of £468 per 1000 live births.
This reduction in cost is a result of the earlier detection of DDH with fewer children requiring surgery.
In those who do, fewer and less invasive procedures are needed.
The overall rate of treatment has not increased and regular review of patients managed in a Pavlik harness has allowed us to avoid the complication of avascular necrosis.
When we add the cost of running the screening programme to the expense of treating the condition, the overall cost for the management of DDH is comparable for the different screening policies.
Mots-clés Pascal : Luxation, Hanche, Congénital, Imagerie ultrasonore, Exploration, Diagnostic, Dépistage, Nouveau né, Homme, Politique sanitaire, Epidémiologie, Analyse coût, Dysplasie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Arthropathie, Malformation, Exploration ultrason
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Luxation, Hip, Congenital, Ultrasound imaging, Exploration, Diagnosis, Medical screening, Newborn, Human, Health policy, Epidemiology, Cost analysis, Dysplasia, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Arthropathy, Malformation, Sonography
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0486961
Code Inist : 002B24C04. Création : 22/03/2000.