Objective To identify and qualitatively synthesise the findings from all studies that have examined the performance and effect of near patient tests in the primary care setting.
Design Systematic review of published and unpublished research 1986-99.
Main outcome measures Test performance characteristics, measures of effect on clinical practice or patient outcome.
Results 101 relevant publications were identified.
The general quality of these papers was low, and consequently only 32 papers were assessed in detail.
Although these papers gave some indication of the value of near patient testing in areas such as anticoagulation monitoring and group A bêta haemolytic streptococcus testing, the research raised many more questions than it answered.
Almost no reports were found of unbiased assessment of the effect of near patient tests in primary care on patient outcomes, organisational outcomes, or cost.
Conclusions Available research provides little evidence to guide the expansion of use of near patient testing in primary care.
Further research is needed in areas of clinical practice where near patient tests might be most beneficial.
Mots-clés Pascal : Royaume Uni, Europe, Evaluation, Homme, Santé, Soin santé primaire, Essai, A domicile, Cabinet médical, Performance, Efficacité, Revue bibliographique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United Kingdom, Europe, Evaluation, Human, Health, Primary health care, Test, At home, Doctor office, Performance, Efficiency, Bibliographic review
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0483760
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 22/03/2000.