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  1. Differences between infants and adults in the social aetiology of wheeze.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives-To compare the relation between relative deprivation, its associated social risk factors and the prevalence of wheeze in infancy and in adulthood.

    Design-A cross sectional population study

    Setting-The three District Health Authorities of Bristol.

    Subjects-A random sample of 1954 women stratified by age and housing tenure to be representative of women with children<1 in Great Britain and selected from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ALSPAC).

    Main outcome measures-The prevalence of wheeze for infants at six months after birth and for their mothers and fathers at eight months postpartum.

    Potential mediators of the relation between relative deprivation and wheeze measured were overcrowded living conditions, number of other siblings in the household, damp or mouldy housing conditions, maternal and paternal smoking behaviour, and infant feeding practice.

    Results

    63.4% (1239) of the sample lived in owner occupiedlmortgaged accommodation (relatively affluent) and 36.6% (715) lived in council house/rented accommodation (relatively deprived).

    Wheeze was significantly more likely for infants living in council house/rented accommodation (X2=15.93, df=1, p<0.0001), their mothers (X2=9.28, df=1, p<0.001) and their fathers (X2=7.41, df=1, p<0.01). (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Statut socioéconomique, Pauvreté, Etiologie, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Prévalence, Enfant, Homme, Adulte, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Respiratory disease, Socioeconomic status, Poverty, Etiology, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Prevalence, Child, Human, Adult, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0483728

    Code Inist : 002B11D. Création : 22/03/2000.