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  1. Biological significance of the zoning of the masking effect of noise related to the adaptive capacities of the auditory analyzer for speech communication.

    Article - En anglais

    The paper discusses the problem about the ergonomic assessment of the abilities of the auditory analyzer for processing of speech information, depending on the zoning of the masking effect of noise and the degree of speech communication.

    A significant increase of the loss of speech information with rise of the intensities of the masking effect of noise (from 21.33% at L eq. 40 dB up to 96% at L eq. 90 and less than 90 dB/A/) is found.

    The speech communication is graded into 4 bands, depending on the qualitative-quantitative criteria of the processed speech communication.

    The regularity of the standard for masking noise (L eq. 65 dB/A/), which guarantees good comprehensibility is proved from the aspect of ensuring the necessary conditions for speech information perception.

    Equivalent levels of masking noise near or equal to L eq. 85 dB/A/ensure satisfactory comprehensibility at the control boards.

    The abnormal intensities of the masking noise effect are of particular importance as they belong to the inadmissible (bad) zone of auditory perception of speech information.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Lieu travail, Nuisance acoustique, Seuil, Ergonomie, Facteur bruit, Audiométrie vocale, Machine automatique, Attention auditive, Perception verbale, Relation homme machine, Médecine travail, Masquage, Sécurité travail, Communication information, Communication verbale

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Work place, Noise pollution, Threshold, Ergonomics, Noise factor, Speech audiometry, Automatic machine, Auditory attention, Verbal perception, Man machine relation, Occupational medicine, Masking, Work safety, Information communication, Verbal communication

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0483699

    Code Inist : 002B30B02A. Création : 22/03/2000.