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  1. Diet, smoking, and blood lipids in patients with combined familial hyperlipidaemia.

    Article - En anglais

    This study analysed the diet (based on a 7-day-record), smoking habits and basic anthropometric parameters of patients with familial combined hyperlipidaemia (N=154,52% men, 48% women, mean age 55.73±12.95).

    These data were correlated with blood lipids and lipoproteins.

    In high-risk patients'diets we found not quantitative, but mostly qualitative shortcomings : the average energy intake was 104% of the recommended daily intake (RDI), but 34% of the energy was derived from fats.

    The daily fat intake represented 137% of RDI, and 60 g were of animal and 24 g of vegetable origine.

    The protein intake was 120% of RDI (155% animal, 75% vegetable protein), the carbohydrate intake was only 86% and the fibre intake 71% of RDI.

    A very high intake both of cholesterol - 139% of RDI and NaCl 151% of RDI - was recorded, while the intake of antioxidant vitamins C and E was only 82% and 35% of RDI, respectively.

    Current smoking was recorded in 51% of patients.

    Smokers had also a poorer diet : higher animal fat and protein, as well as a higher cholesterol intake, lower vegetable fat, protein, fibre and vitamine E intake.

    Surprisingly smokers were found to ingest more vitamine C than non-smokers.

    As to blood lipids :

    • smokers vs. non smokers had the following values in mmol/l (SD) : total cholesterol 7.8 (±1.3) vs. 7.7 (±1.82), triacylglycerols 3.27 (±2.13) vs. 3.2 (±3.11),

    • HDL-cholesterol 1.25 (±0,39) vs. 1.36 (±0.43),

    • LDL-cholesterol 5.11 (±1.39) vs. 4.95 (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Hyperlipémie, Héréditaire, Homme, Facteur risque, Complication, République tchèque, Europe, Epidémiologie, Analyse biochimique, Lipide, Lipoprotéine, Mode de vie, Tabagisme, Régime alimentaire, Alimentation, Métabolisme pathologie, Dyslipémie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hyperlipemia, Hereditary, Human, Risk factor, Complication, Czech Republic, Europe, Epidemiology, Biochemical analysis, Lipids, Lipoprotein, Life style, Tobacco smoking, Diet, Feeding, Metabolic diseases, Dyslipemia

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0483660

    Code Inist : 002B22A. Création : 22/03/2000.