This study analysed the diet (based on a 7-day-record), smoking habits and basic anthropometric parameters of patients with familial combined hyperlipidaemia (N=154,52% men, 48% women, mean age 55.73±12.95).
These data were correlated with blood lipids and lipoproteins.
In high-risk patients'diets we found not quantitative, but mostly qualitative shortcomings : the average energy intake was 104% of the recommended daily intake (RDI), but 34% of the energy was derived from fats.
The daily fat intake represented 137% of RDI, and 60 g were of animal and 24 g of vegetable origine.
The protein intake was 120% of RDI (155% animal, 75% vegetable protein), the carbohydrate intake was only 86% and the fibre intake 71% of RDI.
A very high intake both of cholesterol - 139% of RDI and NaCl 151% of RDI - was recorded, while the intake of antioxidant vitamins C and E was only 82% and 35% of RDI, respectively.
Current smoking was recorded in 51% of patients.
Smokers had also a poorer diet : higher animal fat and protein, as well as a higher cholesterol intake, lower vegetable fat, protein, fibre and vitamine E intake.
Surprisingly smokers were found to ingest more vitamine C than non-smokers.
As to blood lipids :
smokers vs. non smokers had the following values in mmol/l (SD) : total cholesterol 7.8 (±1.3) vs. 7.7 (±1.82), triacylglycerols 3.27 (±2.13) vs. 3.2 (±3.11),
HDL-cholesterol 1.25 (±0,39) vs. 1.36 (±0.43),
LDL-cholesterol 5.11 (±1.39) vs. 4.95 (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hyperlipémie, Héréditaire, Homme, Facteur risque, Complication, République tchèque, Europe, Epidémiologie, Analyse biochimique, Lipide, Lipoprotéine, Mode de vie, Tabagisme, Régime alimentaire, Alimentation, Métabolisme pathologie, Dyslipémie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hyperlipemia, Hereditary, Human, Risk factor, Complication, Czech Republic, Europe, Epidemiology, Biochemical analysis, Lipids, Lipoprotein, Life style, Tobacco smoking, Diet, Feeding, Metabolic diseases, Dyslipemia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0483660
Code Inist : 002B22A. Création : 22/03/2000.