The objective of this study was to define the prevalence of the female athlete triad, i.e., the simultaneous occurrence of disordered eating, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis, in military women.
A total of 423 active duty female soldiers participated in a three-part prospective, cross-sectional study.
Part 1 entailed completing the Eating Disorder Inventory and a clinical interview with those women « at risk » for an eating disorder.
Part 2 consisted of a clinical evaluation and laboratory studies of any woman with menstrual irregularities.
Part 3 evaluated the bone mineral density of all women meeting the inclusion criteria for parts 1 and 2 using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.
Of the 423 active duty women who participated in the study, no subject exhibited the full female athlete triad.
Thirty-three women (8%) had an eating disorder and 109 women (26%) were at risk for an eating disorder.
Our results suggest that the female athlete triad is not a clinically significant problem for the Army.
Mots-clés Pascal : Aménorrhée, Trouble comportement alimentaire, Homme, Ostéoporose, Femelle, Militaire, Sportif, Association, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Appareil génital femelle pathologie, Cycle menstruel pathologie, Système ostéoarticulaire pathologie, Ostéopathie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Amenorrhea, Eating disorder, Human, Osteoporosis, Female, Military, Athlete, Association, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Female genital diseases, Menstruation disorders, Diseases of the osteoarticular system, Bone disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0483149
Code Inist : 002B18C01A. Création : 22/03/2000.