As part of an operational effort to control the transmission of malaria after its reemergence in the Republic of Korea, a number of U.S. military and Korean civilian health workers assessed the situation at a large training site where two cases had been transmitted.
The vector mosquitoes (Anopheles sinensis) probably had a limited flight range (<1 km) in this situation based on low numbers in permanent light traps and biting collections at the billeting area compared with collections from light traps and larval surveys where the mosquito was abundant.
The threat of malaria was proven by the presence of infected local Korean residents (13 of 105 sampled).
However, only a small proportion of U.S. soldiers (39 of 78 surveyed) at the training site used personal protective measures.
Further efforts should include improved techniques for informing and motivating soldiers to use personal protective measures and cooperation with Korean authorities to perform vector control in civilian areas bordering the training area.
Mots-clés Pascal : Paludisme, Protozoose, Parasitose, Infection, Homme, Militaire, Prévention, Corée, Asie, Epidémiologie, Surveillance sanitaire, Lutte sanitaire, Vecteur, Anopheles, Culicidae, Diptera, Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Répartition géographique, Protection, Education santé, Insecticide, Pesticide, Anopheles Sinensis
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malaria, Protozoal disease, Parasitosis, Infection, Human, Military, Prevention, Korea, Asia, Epidemiology, Sanitary surveillance, Sanitary control, Vector, Anopheles, Culicidae, Diptera, Insecta, Arthropoda, Invertebrata, Geographic distribution, Protection, Health education, Insecticide, Pesticides
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0481769
Code Inist : 002B05E02B4. Création : 22/03/2000.