In the context of the choice of treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), three approaches to value assessment were examined for their repeatability over time within subjects.
If formal decision analyses are to be used to advise patients about treatment choice, then repeatable value assessment methods, an essential component of such analyses, are needed.
The methods assessed were standard gamble (SG), time trade-off (TTO), and visual analogue (VA).
Sixty-six nephrology clinic patients were interviewed on two occasions, 10 days apart, by one of two interviewers.
An information session was conducted I week before the first interview.
Subjects were taught about the treatments using an information package developed expressly for the study and a video produced by a pharmaceutical company for use in this decision context.
Patients differed widely in the values provided for the various treatments of ESRD, with responses that ranged across the entire scale (0 to 100).
The repeatability of the three methods was poor, with the coefficients of repeatability (95% range of differences from one occasion to the next) observed as ±27.4 for SG, ±38.4 for TTO, and ±36.5 for VA.
When subsets defined by characteristics that may have improved the repeatability were analyzed, the magnitude of the error did not vary substantially.
The poor repeatability of these methods raises questions about their use for decision analyses applied to the individual context.
Mots-clés Pascal : Insuffisance rénale, Stade terminal, Traitement, Choix, Prise décision, Evaluation, Méthodologie, Répétabilité, Homme, Etude comparative, Epidémiologie, Appareil urinaire pathologie, Rein pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Renal failure, Terminal stage, Treatment, Choice, Decision making, Evaluation, Methodology, Repeatability, Human, Comparative study, Epidemiology, Urinary system disease, Kidney disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0481454
Code Inist : 002B14A05. Création : 22/03/2000.