Indoor air and respiratory health in preadolescent children.
International Conference on Urban Climatology (ICUC'96). Essen, DEU, 1996/06/10.
The effect of indoor exposure to nitrogen dioxide, ammonia, particulate matter and parental tobacco smoke on respiratory health was studied over a period of six months in all second graders born and living in two area of continental Croatia 8-10 yr of age.
The study group was divided into two sections corresponding to area of residence (industrial/rural).
Information on respiratory symptoms was collected from a self-administered questionnaire completed by the parents of the children.
The mean values of concentrations of indoor air pollution that had been recorded in 24-h samples of air collected at schools were mostly below threshold limit for ambient pollution.
In addition, information on parental smoking, the density of habitation and the type of fuel used for heating and/or cooking in the home was obtained by a questionnaire.
In the investigated period the prevalence of respiratory illness was 22% in the children exposed to lower indoor air pollution and 25% in those exposed to higher indoor air pollution.
Exposure to parental smoking was also associated with more respiratory symptoms (28 : 19%). The results indicate that the measured air pollutants only had a slight effect on the respiratory health of preadolescent children.
However, the effect of exposure to parental smoking was more pronounced.
Mots-clés Pascal : Croatie, Europe, Zone rurale, Zone industrielle, Pollution intérieur, Azote dioxyde, Ammoniac, Particule en suspension, Aérosol, Tabagisme passif, Tabac, Fumée, Teneur air ambiant, Exposition, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Croatia, Europe, Rural area, Industrial area, Indoor pollution, Nitrogen dioxide, Ammonia, Suspended particle, Aerosols, Passive smoking, Tobacco, Fumes, Ambient air concentration, Exposure, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Respiratory disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0480886
Code Inist : 001D16C06. Création : 22/03/2000.