The importance ofdermato-neurological examination of intradomiciliary contacts is well known as an important secondary preventive measure in leprosy control, due to the fact that it allows early diagnosis and treatment.
This is an intervention trial in an area of high leprosy prevalence (Manaus/Brazil) where the proportion of contacts examined is low.
The aim of the study is to assess whether a simple educational session conducted among patients increases contacts examination and leads to early case detection.
The intervention group had examined more contacts (p<0.05) but, paradoxically, presented fewer new cases than the control group.
The authors discuss the probable causes for this unexpected outcome, the advantages of the intervention and other related issues.
Mots-clés Pascal : Lèpre, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Diagnostic, Stade précoce, Traitement, Contact, Milieu familial, Endémie, Homme, Brésil, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Peau pathologie, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Leprosy, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Diagnosis, Early stage, Treatment, Contact, Family environment, Endemy, Human, Brazil, South America, America, Skin disease, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0477995
Code Inist : 002B05B02L1. Création : 22/03/2000.