Cholelithiasis leads to 80,000 cholecystectomies being performed every year in France, but its prevalence is still unknown.
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors of cholelithiasis in a random population of 1027 women and 727 men over the age of 30 in a small town in the southeast of France.
Detailed clinical history, dietary investigation, and gallbladder ultrasound were collected for each subject and assessed by univariate analysis.
A regression model was used in the multivariate analysis to detect the relative risk of cholelithiasis.
Cholelithiasis was found in 130 individuals (global prevalence 13.9%). The relative risk for lithiasis was higher in women compared to men (1.89).
Age (P<0.0001) and body mass index (BMI)>25 (P=0.013) were also significant risk factors.
Neither pregnancy nor oral contraceptive use proved to be risk factors.
Typical biliary colic pain was the only symptom significantly associated with cholelithiasis (P<0.0001).
These results show that the prevalence of gallstones in France is similar to that in Denmark and Italy.
Mots-clés Pascal : Lithiase, Cholédoque, Epidémiologie, Imagerie ultrasonore, Etiopathogénie, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Homme, France, Europe, Appareil digestif pathologie, Voie biliaire pathologie, Radiodiagnostic, Imagerie médicale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Lithiasis, Choledoch, Epidemiology, Ultrasound imaging, Etiopathogenesis, Prevalence, Risk factor, Human, France, Europe, Digestive diseases, Biliary tract disease, Radiodiagnosis, Medical imagery
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0475204
Code Inist : 002B24C05. Création : 22/03/2000.